Publications

Anomalies in Chinese A-Shares

Rayliant’s research team, led by Dr. Jason Hsu, applied well-studied factor strategies from the U.S. equity anomalies literature to Chinese A-shares, demonstrating which factors have worked and which have not over the last two decades since the opening of China’s stock markets. While a number of traditional factors such as value and size appear to work well […]

Will Your Factor Deliver? An Examination of Factor Robustness and Implementation Cost

Not every factor profits investors when implemented through a passive strategy. Size and quality show weak robustness, and liquidity-demanding factors, such as illiquidity and momentum, are associated with high trading costs. Investors may be better off accessing these factors through active management rather than indexation.

Quantitative Easing—Beijing Style

Contrary to the belief of many casual central bank watchers, there is a striking parallel between China’s quantitative easing and that of Japan, U.S. and Europe. Just as the Fed expands its balance sheet to bankroll the U.S. government, so does the Chinese central bank – through its state-owned banking satellites – expand its balance sheet to lend to SOEs to promote employment and growth.

The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy of Popular Asset Pricing Models

Cornell and Hsu assert that the standard consumption-based model has failed to explain the cross-section of expected returns because its assumption that security prices are set by end investors, who wish to maximize their intertemporal consumption, is counterfactual.

The Confounding Bias for Investment Complexity

Complexity can dampen investor understanding, leading to poor investment decision making and ultimately derailing long-term financial goals—yet the bias toward investment complexity persists, reinforced by explanations that are behavioral in nature.

If Factor Returns Are Predictable, Why Is There an Investor Return Gap?

Substantial evidence supports cyclicality in factor returns. Evidence also indicates most investors don’t fully benefit from this insight due to behavioral biases—but contrarian investors do.

The China Syndrome: Lessons from the A-Shares Bubble

The rapid rise and sharp decline of the A-shares market represents a massive redistribution of wealth, especially painful to uninformed investors who bought hot stocks near the peak. What should the Chinese government do now?

The Whole Story: Factors + Asset Classes

Some of the investment industry’s best thinkers discussed their work at a Research Affiliates meeting. Jason Hsu’s report emphasizes that factor-based investing is incomplete unless it’s paired with an asset-based approach.

Woe Betide the Value Investor

The excess return earned by the average investor in value mutual funds was meaningfully negative over a 23-year period when the funds themselves outperformed the market. Why don’t all value investors benefit from the value premium?

The Promise of Smart Beta

Beyond the debate over definitions, smart beta strategies can be the prime alternative to active management for our times just as cap-weighted index funds served so admirably in that role for the past four decades.

Finding Smart Beta in the Factor Zoo

The publish-or-perish syndrome and the smart beta movement have motivated academics and practitioners to come up with a spate of new factors. How can investors determine which ones are legitimate and how to use them in their equity portfolios?

Measuring the “Skill” of Index Portfolios

Investors devote significant resources to deciding whether a manager is skillful. When it comes to passive investing, they appear to lose their critical faculties.

The Value Premium is Mean-Reverting

It’s not merely interesting that the value premium tends to revert toward the long-term average; it’s strategically consequential, too.

Who Is On the Other Side of the Trade?

Value investing is uncomfortable because it goes against our genetic programming; on our evolutionary path, fear and greed probably served to keep us safe.

The Challenges of Year-End Forecasting

Many investors piled on the equity bandwagon this year, pushing prices up to dizzying heights. With current yields for U.S. equities at record lows, is it time to get off the bandwagon?

Smart Beta vs. Traditional Value Style Indices

Fundamentals-weighted index investing extracts the value premium through contrarian rebalancing in a diversified core portfolio.

Smart Beta and Benchmark Risk

The conventional ex-post risk measures of tracking error and the information ratio must be reinterpreted for Smart Beta strategies.

Smart Beta, MPT, and Diversification

Smart Beta’s efficiency comes, not from optimization, but from a more balanced distribution across equity premium sources.

Strategy Indices and Smart Betas

Active quant strategies primarily seek alpha through proprietary return forecasting. In contrast, Smart Beta strategies are a good fit for the core equity portfolio.

The Genesis of Smart Beta Investing

What is Smart Beta and how can it help investors? In the first part of a new series, CIO Jason Hsu relates Smart Beta to traditional passive and active management. 

Sign Up

Receive our perspectives on Chinese equity markets